Profiling ComputeCpp Applications
Objective of this document
ComputeCpp Professional Edition has built-in support to output a JSON file that contains profiling information of the runtime and the underlying OpenCL implementation. This JSON file is conformant with the Chrome Trace Events format and can be loaded in any Chrome installation by accessing the URL chrome://tracing.
The objective of this document is to describe how to activate profiling for a ComputeCpp application using the configuration file.
Enabling the JSON profiler backend
A configuration file may be used to configure how the ComputeCpp runtime will perform certain operations.
In order to enable profiling of the runtime, create a file and add the option
enable_profiling = true. Point an environment variable called
COMPUTECPP_CONFIGURATION_FILE to this file and run the application. The following is a single command to create a file called
sycl_config.txt and export the environment variable to enable profiling:
echo "enable_profiling = true" > sycl_config.txt; set COMPUTECPP_CONFIGURATION_FILE=sycl_config.txt
echo "enable_profiling = true" > sycl_config.txt; export COMPUTECPP_CONFIGURATION_FILE=sycl_config.txt
Note that if
COMPUTECPP_CONFIGURATION_FILEpoints to a file that doesn't exists, the runtime will fail to initialize.
Configuring the profiler
The following is a list of all the configuration options available to change how the profiler backend behaves:
|Configuration Option||Type||Default Value||Supported Backends||Description|
||boolean||false||all||Enables or disables profiling.|
||boolean||true||json||Enables or disables profiling kernels running on a device. It will prevent injection of the
||boolean||false||json||Enabling this will cause all states of a transaction to be collapsed into a single entry. For long running applications this can be useful to reduce the size of the json file.|
||boolean||true||json||Disabling this will prevent the json profiler to capture events on buffer. This can be useful when the application creates a large number of buffers and do not reuse them. It simplifies the json and allows it to be loaded more quickly.|
By default, when the application finishes, the runtime will write the JSON file in the current working directory, usually the same directory as the binary of the application, in the format
This behaviour can be changed by setting the environment variable
COMPUTECPP_PROFILING_OUTPUT. If this is set, the runtime will use the value of this variable as the output file. The file doesn't need to exist but the application must have permissions to create and write it.
Performance Counters for Intel GPUs
When running ComputeCpp applications in Intel GPU's that match one of the following architectures, the profiler can display performance counters for the ComputeBasic metrics set.
- Intel(R) Processors with Gen11 graphics devices (formerly Icelake),
- Intel(R) Processors with Gen9 graphics devices (formerly Skylake, Kaby Lake, Apollo Lake/Broxton, Gemini Lake, Coffee Lake),
- Intel(R) Processors with Gen8 graphics devices (formerly Broadwell),
- Intel(R) Processors with Gen7.5 graphics devices (formerly Haswell).
No extra configuration is required, as long as the system supports Intel's Metrics Discovery API.
The following is an example of the Google Chrome Visualizer that displays a execution of BabelStream in an Intel GPU.
Note at the bottom the performances counters. Many more counters are available and they can be accessed by scrolling the window.